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The Sephardic Heritage Project was founded by Sarina Roffé in 2004 to identify and preserve the marriage and brit milah records of the Syrian Jewish community. The project has now evolved to include finding and identifying records from Sephardic communities worldwide  for use in genealogical research.

The Sephardic Heritage Project has an established presence and record of accomplishment as well as into an internationally recognized Board of Directors.

The Sephardic Heritage Project is incorporated in the State of New York and is a 501c3 recognized by the Internal Revenue Service.

Portugal and Spain to Correct a Moral Wrong with

Offer of Citizenship to Descendants of Sephardic Jews

Portugal recently passed legislation to grant citizenship to descendants of Sephardic Jews show can show their name is of the families expelled in 1496. Draft legislation in Spain is expected to pass in 2015.

In 1496, King Manuel of Portugal, forcibly converted the Jews of Portugal, most of whom had come to Portugal as a result of the Spanish Expulsion in 1492 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. It is estimated that about more than half of the Jews expelled from Spain ended up in Portugal.

More than 500 years later, both Spain and Portugal are in the midst of passing legislation that would offer citizenship to descendants of Sephardic Jews. Neither country has passed the law, but steps are in place to begin accepting applications.

“The new legislation corrects a moral wrong. The long centuries of anti-Semitism in Portugal and the expulsions decreed by King D. Manuel I in 1496 cannot be denied,” said Deborah Elijah, a member of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Community of Oporto (Portugal). She is also member of the Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto which issues Certificates.

In anticipation, the Jewish communities of both countries are offering guidelines on applications. The governments both want a certificate from the Jewish community before considering the application. Applicants do not need to be Jewish.

Portugal

The Nationality Law of Portugal establishes that the Government may grant Portuguese nationality to the descendants [Jews or non-Jews] of Portuguese Sephardic Jews, based on objective requirements of a connection with Portugal, such as surnames or family language.

There are 3 steps to obtaining Portuguese Nationality and a Passport

Step 1: The applicant for Portuguese Nationality must first obtain a Certificate from the Portuguese Jewish Community which attests to his/her ties to a Sephardic Jewish Community of Portuguese origin. A request for this Certificate must be addressed to the Jewish Community of Oporto or to the Jewish Community of Lisbon.

  • From December 15, 2014, the Jewish Community of Oporto began receiving requests from descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews who wish to obtain a certificate issued by the Portuguese Jewish Community attesting this status.
  • The request for a Certificate issued by the Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto should be addressed by the applicant, or an attorney acting for the applicant, by digital means to the following email address: portuguesenationality@comunidade-israelita-porto.org, together with the following documents:
  1. Contact details; 
  2. Copy of passport; 
  3. Birth certificate or similar document that contains applicant’s date of birth, place of birth and names of parents; 
  4. Proof of residence; 
  5. Payment of the Committee’s fee; and 
  6. All of the supporting documentary evidence as may required for a proper evaluation of the matter and decision. Evidence of the applicant’s family history of connection to a Sephardic Community of Portuguese origin may be direct and circumstantial.

Payment of the Committee’s fee to review the request, in the amount of €150 (one hundred and fifty euros), must be made by bank transfer to the account of the Jewish Community of Oporto. For more information, please visit: http://jewishcommunityofoporto.blogspot.pt/

The email address portuguesenationality@comunidade-israelita-porto.org may not be used to ask for clarifications or questions of any type. The Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto shall only evaluate requests and attached documents, as in legal proceedings, but it may ask the candidate questions by email or telephone.

Once the certificate is issued, the applicant fills out an application for Portuguese Nationality and for obtaining a Portuguese Passport.

Please visit the official website or blog of the Jewish Community of Oporto - http://jewishcommunityofoporto.blogspot.pt/2014_12_01_archive.html.

In Portugal, the Jewish Community of Oporto, founded 90 years ago, is the organization that unites local communal groups of the city of Oporto and its environs, while the Jewish Community of Lisbon, recognized 102 years ago, is the organization that unites local communal groups of Lisbon and its environs. (For more information about the Portuguese communities, please visit the website of the World Jewish Congress - http://www.worldjewishcongress.org/en/communities/show/id/109)

Spain

Spanish Sephardic that can demonstrate such condition and a special link with Spain may be eligible to seek Spanish Citizenship, even if they are not legal residents in Spain and without obliging them to give up their current citizenship.

 Eligibility can be demonstrated by means of:

  1. A certificate issued by the Chairman of the Jewish Community of the place of residence or the birthplace of the applicant
  2. A certificate from the rabbinical authority legally recognized in the country of residence of the applicant
  3. The family language (ladino/haketia), the certificate of birth or the wedding certificate in which the celebration according to the Spanish Sephardic ritual is stated.
  4. The inclusion of the applicant or her/his ancestors in one of the special lists produced by the Spanish authorities in 1924 and 1948.
  5. The family ("blood") connections with the people indicated under 4 above.
  6. The realization of studies about Spanish history and culture.
  7. The realization of charity contributions in favor of Spanish individuals or institutions, provided they were conducted regularly.
  8. Any other circumstances that demonstrates beyond reasonable doubt that the applicant is eligible.
  9. A certificate issued by the General Secretariat of the Spanish Federation of Jewish Communities.

Applicants must also pass a special test of the applicant skills regarding Spanish language and Culture. The culture test will be developed by the Cervantes Institute, which promotes Spanish language and culture abroad.

Sephardic surnames are an additional mean of evidence, but not a crucial one. Applicants must file an application within three years after the enactment of the new law.

 

Sephardic Heritage Project is a member of the 
International Association of Jewish Genealogy Associations

Sign Up For The 
Genealogy Detective

The Genealogy Detective is published in liaison with Sephardic Genealogical Journeys, Inc. and is emailed three times a year. 
Genealogy Detective


Int'l Conference on Jewish Genealogy

July 6-10, 2015

Ramada Hotel, Jerusalem

iajgs2015.org

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