Portugal Offers Citizenship to
Descendants of Sephardic Jews
Portugal passed legislation to grant citizenship to descendants of Sephardic Jews show can show their name is of the families expelled in 1496. Legislation in Spain passed in 2015.
In 1496, King Manuel of Portugal, forcibly converted the Jews of Portugal, most of whom had come to Portugal as a result of the Spanish Expulsion in 1492 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. It is estimated that about more than half of the Jews expelled from Spain ended up in Portugal.
More than 500 years later, both Spain and Portugal passed legislation that would offer citizenship to descendants of Sephardic Jews.
“The new legislation corrects a moral wrong. The long centuries of anti-Semitism in Portugal and the expulsions decreed by King D. Manuel I in 1496 cannot be denied,” said Deborah Elijah, a member of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Community of Oporto (Portugal). She is also member of the Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto which issues Certificates.
In anticipation, the Jewish communities of both countries are offering guidelines on applications. The governments both want a certificate from the Jewish community before considering the application. Applicants do not need to be Jewish.
The Nationality Law of Portugal establishes that the Government may grant Portuguese nationality to the descendants [Jews or non-Jews] of Portuguese Sephardic Jews, based on objective requirements of a connection with Portugal, such as surnames or family language.
There are 3 steps to obtaining Portuguese Nationality and a Passport
Step 1: The applicant for Portuguese Nationality must first obtain a Certificate from the Portuguese Jewish Community which attests to his/her ties to a Sephardic Jewish Community of Portuguese origin. A request for this Certificate must be addressed to the Jewish Community of Oporto or to the Jewish Community of Lisbon.
- From December 15, 2014, the Jewish Community of Oporto began receiving requests from descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews who wish to obtain a certificate issued by the Portuguese Jewish Community attesting this status.
- The request for a Certificate issued by the Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto should be addressed by the applicant, or an attorney acting for the applicant, by digital means to the following email address: email@example.com, together with the following documents:
- Contact details;
- Copy of passport;
- Birth certificate or similar document that contains applicant’s date of birth, place of birth and names of parents;
- Marriage certificate for married women
- Family Tree to a Sephardic Ancestor;
- Proof of residence;
- Payment of the Committee’s fee; and
- All of the supporting documentary evidence as may required for a proper evaluation of the matter and decision. Evidence of the applicant’s family history of connection to a Sephardic Community of Portuguese origin may be direct and circumstantial.
Payment of the Committee’s fee to review the request must be made by bank transfer to the account of the Jewish Community of Oporto. The fee is in the amount of €250 per person. For more information, please visit: http://jewishcommunityofoporto.blogspot.pt/
The email address firstname.lastname@example.org may not be used to ask for clarifications or questions of any type. The Committee of the Jewish Community of Oporto shall only evaluate requests and attached documents, as in legal proceedings, but it may ask the candidate questions by email or telephone.
Once the certificate is issued, the applicant fills out an application for Portuguese Nationality and for obtaining a Portuguese Passport.
Please visit the official website or blog of the Jewish Community of Oporto -http://jewishcommunityofoporto.blogspot.pt/2014_12_01_archive.html.
In Portugal, the Jewish Community of Oporto, founded 90 years ago, is the organization that unites local communal groups of the city of Oporto and its environs, while the Jewish Community of Lisbon, recognized 102 years ago, is the organization that unites local communal groups of Lisbon and its environs.